Diabetes is a serious kind of disease that will remain with you lifelong. It occurs when the amount of glucose in the blood is too high because the body can’t use it properly. If left untreated, high blood glucose levels can cause different kind of health complications and other kinds of issues. It is also called by doctors as diabetes mellitus. It describes group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose either because of insulin production is inadequate or the blood cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Some points related to it that provide complete information and makes us understand it more clearly are given below:
Important points about Diabetes
- Diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process the food for use as energy.
- When we have diabetes in our body, our body either doesn’t make insulin or can’t use insulin.
- Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, and kidney failure and lower-extremity amputations and other different kinds of problems.
- It is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.
Symptoms of Diabetes-
There are various indications or symptoms that signifies that a person is having diabetes-
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Unexplained weight loss
- Extreme Hunger
- Very dry skin
- Sudden vision changes
- Feeling very tired much of the time
- Sores that are slow to heal
- Tingling or numbness in hands or feet
- More infection than usual
- Nausea, vomiting or stomach pains may accompany some of these symptoms in the abrupt of insulin-dependent diabetes, now called Type1 Diabetes.
What are the types of Diabetes?
Type1- Diabetes is a disease brought on body because of its inability to make insulin when the body is not responding to the effects of insulin. It can also appear during pregnancy. Insulin is one of the main hormones that regulates blood sugar levels and allows the body to use sugar for energy. Type-1 diabetes previously called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile onset diabetes may occur in 5 percent to 10 percent of all diagnosed causes of diabetes. Risk factors are less for Type 1 diabetes as compared to Type 2 diabetes. It occurs because the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the immune system.Type-1 diabetes most commonly starts in people under the age of 20 but it may happen in any age group.
Type2-During Type2 diabetes the body continues to produce insulin. It was previously called as non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for about 90 percent to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include older age, obesity, and family history of diabetes. Insulin production by the body may significantly decrease over time. The pancreas produces either not enough insulin, or the body is unable to recognize insulin and use it properly. Family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical activity and race/ethnicity increases the risk of diabetes. Latino Americans, African Americans, Americans Indians and some Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for Type2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes develops in 2 percent to 5 percent of all pregnancies but usually disappears when pregnancy is over. Gestational diabetes occurs more frequently in Africans, Indians and people with the family history of diabetes than in other groups. Obesity is also associated with higher risk. Women who have gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later. In some studies nearly 40 percent of women with a history of gestational diabetes developed diabetes in the future. Other specific types of diabetes result from specific genetic syndrome, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infection and other illnesses. Such types of diabetes may account for 1 percent to 2 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Over 25 millions of Americans have diabetes and most of them are having Type2 diabetes. It remains for adults the leading cause of diabetes-related complications such as blindness, non-traumatic amputations, and chronic kidney failure. Some people can manage their Type2 diabetes by controlling their weight, watching their diet and exercising regularly. People may also take a diabetes pill that helps their body use insulin better and/or take insulin injections.
Treatment typically includes diet control, exercise, and home blood glucose testing and in some cases oral medication or insulin. Approximately 40 percent of people with type 2 diabetes require insulin injection.
In response to the growing health burden of diabetes mellitus (diabetes), the diabetes community has three choices: prevent diabetes; cure diabetes and take better care of people with diabetes to prevent devastating problems. The National Diabetes Education Program sponsored by CDC and the National Institutes of Health(NIH) is working at the state and the local level to deliver the information and services to help African Americans take charge of their diabetes and take steps to avoid its devastating complications and problems. A number of studies have shown that regular physical activity can significantly reduce the risk of developing Type2 diabetes. It is also associated with obesity. Another kind of pre-diabetes in which blood sugar is high is Type2 diabetes.
The person who is suffering from diabetes has to take proper care and precautions. It cannot be presently be cured but it can be controlled and you can lead a full and active life. There are ranges of more rare types of diabetes- correct diagnosis and management of these types are equally important. We have to understand earlier before anything happens. Diabetes can be a deadly disease if we do not take proper precautions and care of it. We have to be very conscious towards our diet or anything else before any deadly output results out of it.